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General Reference Sites
Last checked 11/10/2016

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  • Encyclopedia Britannica
  • This link to OneLook Dictionary4 outta 5 searchs many dictionaries at once to bring you your definition.
  • Meriam-Webster's Dictionary and Thesaurus
  • Hyperdictionary of English - lean and mean. The site shows connections to other words based on their meaning.
  • The Free Dictionary5 outta 5 stars has the meaning of the word, a set of thesaurus results, etimology, it's use in classical literature, and other links, all on one page. Includes foreign words, acronyms, idioms, and grammar. Also has a forum.
  • OneLook Reverse Dictionary - the word is on the top of your tongue but you can't nail it down. Try this. It lets you type in the meaning, and then it gives you associated words.
  • This link to Bartlett's Familiar Quotations includes a search facility. The quotations are rather extensive.
  • QuoteDB is a database of quotes (when it works)
  • Wikiquote is a large collection of quotes.
  • Visual Thesaurus is interactive and shows connections between words.
  • Visuwords - is a pictorial representation of links between words. It is a graphical thesaurus.
  • Library Spot5 outta 5 stars is a reference 'portal' with links to lists of libraries, reference sites, search engines, etc. plus tips and tricks.
  • Fact Monster5 outta 5 stars is a reference site for kids.
  • Martindale's Reference Center4 outta 5 has links to all kinds of reference material. Site is very clean looking without a lot of fluff.
  • The Lexical Freenet's Connected Thesaurus shows connections between words along with origins and other related characteristics. Great site for curing word block.
  • Strunk's Elements of Style
  • B. J. Pinchbeck's Homework Helper has links to source materials for students and teachers.
  • Repository of Primary Sources has hundreds of links to library and museum resources. The only problem is that the site is organized by geographical location rather than by subject matter. Note: this site is no longer updated as of 2015.
  • The Internet Public Library4 outta 5 as its name implies, has connections to a multitude of reference works.
  • The Homework Spot4 outta 5 is an all-in-one reference center and is aimed at students.
  • Research and Writing for High School and College Students4 outta 5 helps you figure out a topic and then find information on it.
  • InfoPlease4 outta 5 sports stats, country profiles, theories, and other almanac-like material.
  • Encyclopedia.Com4 outta 5 lets you search the Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Very readable with a good search engine.
  • Queen's Library - very nice library site with some basic tutorials on using the Web. Kid-friendly site.
  • Acronym Finder translates acronyms.
  • Symbols is an encyclopedia of Western signs and ideograms.
  • Cambridge History of English and American Literature
  • Bartleby's Gray's Anatomy
  • Encyclopedia of Delay-Insensitive Systems is a collection of links to material on various areas of knowledge like botany, economics, mathematics, etc.
  • Encyclopedia of Life - one page for every species of plant, animal, etc.
  • Currency Converter - helps if you need to know what the exchange rate is for pounds to euros to dollars.
  • My Virtual Reference Desk4 outta 5 has many links to various resources including dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedia, quotations, etc.
  • Multilingual Translator translates english into many other languages.
  • Translate is a multilanguage translator.
  • HandSpeak gives motion videos of sign language.
  • Brewer's Phrase and Fable by E. Cobham Brewer, from the New and Enlarged Edition of 1894 collection of reference links. Now part of the site.
  • The CIA World Factbook includes what all decent operatives should know about the local environs. This is also a classic compendium of facts about countries.
  • The Bartleby Project5 outta 5 stars is a collection of links to literary resources including reference as well as collections of classic literature.
  • New York Public Library
  • EText Archives has links to sites that have text including the complete text of books, religious factions, politics, legal stuff, etc.
  • Martindale's Calculators has links to all kinds of calculators: calories, loans, investment, etc.
  • Calculator has calculators for a bunch of subjects including financial, unit conversion, time, etc.
  • Internet Movie Database4 outta 5 is advertized as a comprehensive database of stuff related to movies.
  • Encyclopedia Mythica is a great source for mythology, magic folklore, etc.
  • Starlingtech Quotes has an advanced search which lets you pick from a list of sources.
  • Quoteland is a large, searchable database of quotes. You can browse categories.
  • Nolo Lawyer Site has good advice. This is the best of the law sites.
  • Free Advice from lawyers. Question and answer format.
  • LegalZoom has advice and info.
  • City and State Laws has city and state laws.
  • FindLaw - advice, information, etc. There are sections for the public, business, and the professional.
  • 100 Free DIY Legal Resources on the Web
  • Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Baseball Almanac
  • National Geographic Map Machine has pretty detailed topographical maps. Also has a 'Map Machine' that lets you see road-level maps all over the world.
  • OSHA SIC codes
  • Standard Industrial Classification Index
  • WhyFiles sponsored by NSF, has entertaining science, including Cool Images.
  • Music Lyrics
  • FAQ Archives has Frequently Asked Question documents on a myriad of topics.
  • Farmer's Almanac
  • National Security Archive includes stuff that has been recently declassified including material from WWII.
  • Internet.com has data on Internet usage.
  • ShortCourses has a short course on just about everything.
  • Time and Date4 outta 5 This site has clocks, timers, and count downs. You can print calendars for a whole year or just a month. Weather forecasts and sunrise and sunset times. Pretty much anything to do with time or dates, all freely available online.
  • The Tech Museum
  • World War II Resources and Pearl Harbor Attack Hearings includes text of political documents related to WWII as well as documents and interviews related to the attack on Pearl Harbor. The site also includes documents covering "Ultra" and pre and post-war policies,
  • HyperHistory is a series of timelines of the last 3000 years of history.
  • Periodic Table of Elements
  • How Stuff Works Ever wonder how something works? Search for answers here.

  • Timeanddate.com shows a year calendar. Also has the time in various zones plus calculators to show you what date it will be x days from today, number of days between dates, etc. Just about anything related to time and dates is taken care of with this site.
  • OnLine Clock displays the current time. You can also set an alarm.
  • Calendar Zone has links to all kinds of calendars (holiday, religious, celestial, etc.) as well as links to topics related to calendars (software, reform, etc.)
  • Time Zone Information from the US National Observatory. Moon phases, what's in the sky this week, sun rise and set, etc.
  • City Time is a list of cities around the world with the current time.
  • Time Servers has a list of time servers where you can update the precise time for your computer.
  • The American School Directory has information on every school in America. Go on. You don't believe it, so see if it lists your grade school.
  • Awesome Library4 outta 5 has links to various types of reference sources in about a dozen categories.
  • Online Exhibits - a GREAT collection of archives and library exhibitions. The list goes on forever. Check out American Originals (which has pictures of original historical documents like Nixon's letter of resignation) or Mechanical Marvels which describes DaVinci's invention of a robot.
  • Morman Chruch's Geneology Site allows you to search for ancestors..
  • Cindi's List of Links has over 50,000 links to sites that contain geneology information.
  • Geneology Toolbox has links to research sites, news, software, etc.
  • Vital Records has links to sites with geneology data - birth, death, marriage, divorce, etc.
  • Footnote.com4 outta 5 is associated with the National Archives and has millions of original documents on line - great for geneology research.
  • United Nations Cartographic Maps
  • World Navies has amazingly detailed info on the modern navies of specific countries.
  • Bar Code 1 has everything you would want to know about bar codes.
  • Constants has everything you would want to know about mathematic constant values
  • Food Safety.gov has everything you'd want to know about food safety including current alerts concerning contaminated foods.
  • School Bytes is aimed at helping high school and college students. It has sections like 'Plotbytes' (kind of Cliff Notes), 'Mathbytes' (how to solve mathematical problems), and 'Historybytes'.
  • The Library of Congress' Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers has digital impages of Bell's papers.
  • eHow - a collection of how-to's with links to associated products - how to bike over a curb, how to rappel down a cliff, how to watch olympic diving, etc. - tutorials include video
  • So You Wanna.com has a lot of little how-to's.
  • First Gov has links to all kinds of government related or sponsored sites.
  • International Adoption has info on adopting kids from other countries. Has names of agencies, laws and regulations, travel, and consular information.
  • Librarian's Index to the Internet has thousands of links to sites in various categories. Great browsing.
  • RulesCentral has rules for sports, card games, and board games.
  • Rules has rules for common games
  • Aesop's Fables is a collection of over 600 Aesop's fables.
  • Kids Konnect is a collection of kid-safe reference sites. Very nicely done.
  • Ellis Island Records is very popular and busy. You can find out info on ancestors.
  • Retrevo has a large collection of manuals
  • Manual Shark has some manuals for a limited number of vendors.
  • UserManualGuide - user manuals for a whole bunch of devices and equipment.
  • Make Stuff is a collection of formulas for making soap, glue, bubble bath, air fresheners, glass cleaner, insecticide, fertilizer, etc. There are also links to crafts and recipes.
  • TerraFly unbelievable detail about neighborhoods along with an aerial view. Kind of cumbersome to use but only because of its wealth of data..
  • The GoogleGuide is a tutorial on how to use Google.
  • Graph Paper offers up a great variety of customizable graph paper in PDF format.
  • GetHuman - phone numbers that get you to a human and other tips on how to get through the phone tangle at the help desk of various companies.
  • Original Sources is a collection of primary sources of reference material such as the Internet Modern History Sourcebook, the Library of Congress, Supreme Court Collection, etc.
  • BugGuide.net They identify bugs from the pictures that folks send in. Nicely organized.
  • What's That Bug - you send in a picture of the bug and they identify it. They have a bunch of stuff already identified that you can look through.
  • The Straight Dope is an archive of questions and answers on a whole bunch of topics. Does sex make your acne worse? Why is the 'missionary position' called that?
  • Online Educational Database - a lot of 'deep' Web search engines.
  • Scribd4 outta 5 - collects documents (all kinds, including manuals) that the public submits and makes them available to everyone. What happened to copyrights?.
  • WikiHow - is a how-to wiki where the public submit instructions on how to do a variety of thinks from dealing with noisy neighbors to programming in PHP.
  • CriminalSearchs shows what registered criminals are living in a specific area.
Research
Dictionaries
Serious Numbers
Questions and Answers
  • The Straight Dope is an archive of questions and answers on a whole bunch of topics. Does sex make your acne worse? Why is the 'missionary position' called that?
  • Answers.com is great search engine if you want to find out what an acronym stands for or how something works or even a definition.
  • All Experts is a collection of experts (although most are self-declared) in various fields like medicine, cars, entertainment, etc. , who will answer your question within two days. You can also peruse the Q&A style opinions.
  • Yahoo! Answers - another questions and answer site where users submit questions on a variety of subjects, including technology, and users give their answers.
  • Answer Bag - question and answer site that allows answers to include video and audio
  • Google Answers was retired but you can still visit their useful archive.

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